Jun 21

1 The retractions came only a few months after BioMed Central.

In the aftermath of the recent scandals involving fake peer reviewers, many journals are determined to turn off the reviewer-suggestion option on their manuscript-submission systems. But that move may not be enough, as the publisher Hindawi discovered this past springtime. Although Hindawi doesn’t let authors suggest reviewers for their manuscripts, it made a decision to examine the peer-review records for manuscripts submitted in 2013 and 2014 for possible fraud. The peer-review procedure found in Hindawi’s journals depends primarily on the expertise of its editorial board members and the guest editors of special issues, who are in charge of supervising the review of submitted manuscripts.5 Because the peer reviewers selected by the guest editors were not subject to any kind of independent verification, editors themselves could undermine the process in quite similar way that authors or third-party agencies have done elsewhere: by creating fake reviewer identities and addresses from which they submitted reviews that are positive endorsing publication.For the EMPHASIS-HF Study Group: Eplerenone in Patients with Systolic Heart Failure and Mild Symptoms The activation of mineralocorticoid receptors by cortisol and aldosterone has deleterious effects in patients with cardiovascular disease.1 In the placebo-controlled Randomized Aldactone Evaluation Research ,2 adding the mineralocorticoid-receptor antagonist spironolactone to recommended therapy in patients with systolic heart failing and moderate-to-severe symptoms decreased the rate of death from any cause and the risk of hospitalization for cardiovascular reasons.